Friday, April 28, 2006

This Day in History: April 28, 1789

Mutiny on the HMS Bounty

Three weeks into a journey from Tahiti to the West Indies, the HMS Bounty is seized in a mutiny led by Fletcher Christian, the master's mate. Captain William Bligh and 18 of his loyal supporters were set adrift in a small, open boat, and the Bounty set course for Tubuai south of Tahiti.

In December 1787, the Bounty left England for Tahiti in the South Pacific, where it was to collect a cargo of breadfruit saplings to transport to the West Indies. There, the breadfruit would serve as food for slaves. After a 10-month journey, the Bounty arrived in Tahiti in October 1788 and remained there for more than five months. On Tahiti, the crew enjoyed an idyllic life, reveling in the comfortable climate, lush surroundings, and the famous hospitality of the Tahitians. Fletcher Christian fell in love with a Tahitian woman named Mauatua.

On April 4, 1789, the Bounty departed Tahiti with its store of breadfruit saplings. On April 28, near the island of Tonga, Christian and 25 petty officers and seamen seized the ship. Bligh, who eventually would fall prey to a total of three mutinies in his career, was an oppressive commander and insulted those under him. By setting him adrift in an overcrowded 23-foot-long boat in the middle of the Pacific, Christian and his conspirators had apparently handed him a death sentence. By remarkable seamanship, however, Bligh and his men reached Timor in the East Indies on June 14, 1789, after a voyage of about 3,600 miles. Bligh returned to England and soon sailed again to Tahiti, from where he successfully transported breadfruit trees to the West Indies.

Meanwhile, Christian and his men attempted to establish themselves on the island of Tubuai. Unsuccessful in their colonizing effort, the Bounty sailed north to Tahiti, and 16 crewmen decided to stay there, despite the risk of capture by British authorities. Christian and eight others, together with six Tahitian men, a dozen Tahitian women, and a child, decided to search the South Pacific for a safe haven. In January 1790, the Bounty settled on Pitcairn Island, an isolated and uninhabited volcanic island more than 1,000 miles east of Tahiti. The mutineers who remained on Tahiti were captured and taken back to England where three were hanged. A British ship searched for Christian and the others but did not find them.

In 1808, an American whaling vessel was drawn to Pitcairn by smoke from a cooking fire. The Americans discovered a community of children and women led by John Adams, the sole survivor of the original nine mutineers. According to Adams, after settling on Pitcairn the colonists had stripped and burned the Bounty, and internal strife and sickness had led to the death of Fletcher and all the men but him. In 1825, a British ship arrived and formally granted Adams amnesty, and he served as patriarch of the Pitcairn community until his death in 1829.

In 1831, the Pitcairn islanders were resettled on Tahiti, but unsatisfied with life there they soon returned to their native island. In 1838, the Pitcairn Islands, which includes three nearby uninhabited islands, was incorporated into the British Empire. By 1855, Pitcairn's population had grown to nearly 200, and the two-square-mile island could not sustain its residents. In 1856, the islanders were removed to Norfolk Island, a formal penal colony nearly 4,000 miles to the west. However, less than two years later, 17 of the islanders returned to Pitcairn, followed by more families in 1864. Today, around 40 people live on Pitcairn Island, and all but a handful are descendants of the Bounty mutineers. About a thousand residents of Norfolk Island (half its population) trace their lineage from Fletcher Christian and the eight other Englishmen.

Everyone have a fabulous weekend!

I know I will :)

Related Product:

British Colonial brass compass
When the British Empire stretched from Auckland to Zanzibar, the owner of a heavy brass compass like this was a welcome man on any ship. Mirrored lid with azimuth site. Liquid filled levels. Needle lock for travel. Natural sine chart on exterior. Crafted in the former British colony of India. 3" diameter, 1½" tall.

Thursday, April 27, 2006

This Day in History: April 27, 1901

Magellan killed in the Phillippines

After traveling three-quarters of the way around the globe, Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan is killed during a tribal skirmish on Mactan Island in the Philippines. Earlier in the month, his ships had dropped anchor at the Philippine island of Cebý, and Magellan met with the local chief, who after converting to Christianity persuaded the Europeans to assist him in conquering a rival tribe on the neighboring island of Mactan. In the subsequent fighting, Magellan was hit by a poisoned arrow and left to die by his retreating comrades.

Magellan, a Portuguese noble, fought for his country against the Muslim domination of the Indian Ocean and Morocco. He participated in a number of key battles and in 1514 asked Portugal's King Manuel for an increase in his pension. The king refused, having heard unfounded rumors of improper conduct on Magellan's part after a siege in Morocco. In 1516, Magellan again made the request and the king again refused, so Magellan went to Spain in 1517 to offer his services to King Charles I, later Holy Roman Emperor Charles V.

In 1494, Portugal and Spain, at the prompting of Pope Alexander VI, settled disputes over newly discovered lands in America and elsewhere by dividing the world into two spheres of influence. A line of demarcation was agreed to in the Atlantic Ocean--all new discoveries west of the line were to be Spanish, and all to the east Portuguese. Thus, South and Central America became dominated by the Spanish, with the exception of Brazil, which was discovered by the Portuguese explorer Pedro ýlvares Cabral in 1500 and was somewhat east of the demarcation line. Other Portuguese discoveries in the early 16th century, such as the Moluccas Islands--the Spice Islands of Indonesia--made the Spanish jealous.

To King Charles, Magellan proposed sailing west, finding a strait through the Americas, and then continuing west to the Moluccas, which would prove that the Spice Islands lay west of the demarcation line and thus in the Spanish sphere. Magellan knew that the world was round but underestimated its size, thinking that the Moluccas must be situated just west of the American continent, not on the other side of a great uncharted ocean. The king accepted the plan, and on September 20, 1519, Magellan set sail from Spain in command of five ships and 270 men.

Magellan sailed to West Africa and then to Brazil, where he searched the South American coast for a strait that would take him to the Pacific. He searched the Rýo de la Plata, a large estuary south of Brazil, for a way through; failing, he continued south along the coast of Patagonia. At the end of March 1520, the expedition set up winter quarter at Port St. Julian. On Easter day at midnight, the Spanish captains mutinied against their Portuguese captain, but Magellan crushed the revolt, executing one of the captains and leaving another ashore when his ship left St. Julian in August.

On October 21, he finally discovered the strait he had been seeking. The Strait of Magellan, as it became known, is located near the tip of South America, separating Tierra del Fuego and the continental mainland. Only three ships entered the passage; one had been wrecked and another deserted. It took 38 days to navigate the treacherous strait, and when ocean was sighted at the other end Magellan wept with joy. He was the first European explorer to reach the Pacific Ocean from the Atlantic. His fleet accomplished the westward crossing of the ocean in 99 days, crossing waters so strangely calm that the ocean was named "Pacific," from the Latin word pacificus, meaning "tranquil." By the end, the men were out of food and chewed the leather parts of their gear to keep themselves alive. On March 6, 1521, the expedition landed at the island of Guam. Ten days later, they reached the Philippines--they were only about 400 miles from the Spice Islands.

After Magellan's death, the survivors, in two ships, sailed on to the Moluccas and loaded the hulls with spice. One ship attempted, unsuccessfully, to return across the Pacific. The other ship, the Victoria, continued west under the command of the Basque navigator Juan Sebastiýn de Elcano. The vessel sailed across the Indian Ocean, rounded the Cape of Good Hope, and arrived at Seville on September 9, 1522, becoming the first ship to circumnavigate the globe.

My co-worker says that Magellan was killed in the Phillippines because "he had too much fun over there"...

Sorry there was no post yesterday. I’ve been so busy lately!

It’s cold and gray in San Diego today. Again! Why does this keep happening?

Related product:

Brass and leather spyglass
You'll be shoutin' "Land ho!" whether you're up in the crow's nest or spotting birds in the backyard. 10-power, four-section telescope. Rich leather wrap. Brass lens cover. Handsome wooden case with brass inlays and accents makes for a great display/presentation piece. 6" long closed, 15" extended.

Tuesday, April 25, 2006

This Day in History: April 25, 1901

New York is the first state to require license plates

In the United States, the first license plates used on automobiles were seen in New York, in 1901. The first NY plates actually had no numbers. From 1901 through 1902, the plates were usually leather pads or flat metal plates, with attached letters indicating the initials of the car owner. New York didn't actually produce a state-issued license plate until 1910, when a cream on blue steel plate was made - undated, with riveted numbers. Plates in New York from 1901 through 1909 were owner-provided plates, usually referred to by plate collectors as "pre-states", because they were "pre-state issue".

Massachusetts and West Virginia were the first states to issue plates, in 1903. The earliest plates were made out of porcelain baked onto iron, or simple ceramic with no backing, which made them extremely fragile and impractical. Few examples of these earliest plates survive. Later materials experimented with include cardboard, leather, plastic, and during wartime shortages, copper and pressed soybeans.

Earlier plates varied in size and even shape from one jurisdiction to the next, such that if one moved, new holes would be needed drilled into the bumper to support the new plate. Standardization of plates came in 1957, when automobile manufacturers came to agreement with governments and international standards organizations. Our standard, the one used in the bulk of the Western Hemisphere countries, is six by 12 inches.

I just came across this little event, and while it’s not incredibly historically significant, it’s rather interesting, don’t you think?

Today is a very un-San Diego day. Cloudy and chilly. Ick. It makes me want to curl up on the couch and watch movies. Maybe Casablanca? ;)

Related Product:

Set of 10 vintage license plates
From the Empire State to the Golden State and everything in between, these bits of vintage memorabilia are a great way to rev up your home, office or garage. Assorted set of ten, most older than your car. 12”x6”.

Monday, April 24, 2006

This Day in History: April 24, 1942

Ingrid Bergman signs on for Casablanca
Ingrid Bergman signs with Warner Bros. to play Ilsa, opposite Humphrey Bogart, in Casablanca (1942). Bergman was under contract with David O. Selznick, but he allowed her to do Casablanca in exchange for the right to use Warner Bros.' Olivia de Havilland in another film.

Bergman was born in Sweden, orphaned at a young age, and raised by family. After high school, she attended the Royal Dramatic Theater School and just a year later was landing lead roles in Swedish films. Her performance in Intermezzo (1936) so impressed David O. Selznick that he invited her to Hollywood to reprise her role in the U.S version. In 1937, she married a Swedish dentist, and the couple had a daughter.

In Hollywood, she soon won acclaim for roles in films like For Whom the Bell Tolls (1943); Gaslight (1944), for which she won an Oscar; and Notorious (1946). Her career came to a sudden halt in 1949, however, when she left her husband for Italian director Roberto Rossellini. She and Rossellini married the following year and had three children, one of whom is actress and model Isabella Rossellini.

Bergman's desertion of her family provoked an outcry in an America already concerned about the scandalous behavior of Hollywood stars. No U.S. studio would touch her, but she starred in Italian films directed by her husband-none of which were successful. After seven years, she pulled off an unexpected comeback, appearing in Anastasia (1956) as an amnesiac refugee who claimed to be the daughter of the late Czar. She won an Academy Award and continued to appear in U.S. films. She won a Best Supporting Actress Oscar in 1974 for Murder on the Orient Express. She died in 1982 after a long battle with cancer.


I must admit that I’ve never seen Casablanca. I should really get around to it!

San Diego weather this weekend was super nice. There was some rain on Saturday night but on Saturday and Sunday during the day it was perfect. I can’t wait for summer! I live a block and a half from the beach. :P


Related Products:

Framed Casablanca poster
Bring home the magic of the silver screen with these reprints of famous theatre lobby posters. Casablanca shows dashing Rick (Humphrey Bogart) with beautiful Ilsa (Ingrid Bergman) – their heart-wrenching romance was unforgettable. Must-haves for film buffs and fans alike. Custom framed under glass. 27"x39".
p.s. This item is over 50% off on our site. Total steal.

Casablanca film cell collectible
A limited edition of just 300 pieces. Recapture the magic of Bogart and Bergman on the big screen. Featuring two strips of vintage 16mm film from the 1942 theatrical release of Casablanca. Produced exclusively for us and limited to just 300 pieces. Mounted on suede matte and framed in wood, under glass. Serial-numbered brass plaque. Certificate of authenticity. 15"x13".
p.p.s. This item is also $10 off right now…

Friday, April 21, 2006

This Day in History: April 21, 1926

Queen Elizabeth II is born

From Wikipedia

Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor), born on 21 April 1926, is Queen of sixteen independent nations known as the Commonwealth Realms. These are the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica, Barbados, the Bahamas, Grenada, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Antigua and Barbuda, Belize, and Saint Kitts and Nevis. By the Statute of Westminster 1931 she holds these positions equally; no one nation takes precedence over any other.

She became Queen of the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Pakistan and Ceylon upon the death of her father, King George VI, on 6 February 1952. As other colonies of the British Commonwealth (now Commonwealth of Nations) attained independence from the UK during her reign she acceded to the newly created thrones as Queen of each respective realm so that throughout her 54 years on the throne she has been Monarch of 32 nations. Elizabeth II has seen a number of her former territories and realms leave this shared relationship and become kingdoms under a different dynasty, or republics. (See Commonwealth Realm — Former Commonwealth Realms.)

Today about 128 million people live in the 16 countries of which she remains Head of State.

She also holds the positions of Head of the Commonwealth, Supreme Governor of the Church of England, Lord of Mann and Duke of Lancaster.

She is currently the second-longest-serving head of state in the world, after King Bhumibol of Thailand and the fourth-longest serving British monarch (after Queen Victoria, King George III and King James VI of Scotland). Her reign of over half a century has seen ten different Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom and numerous Prime Ministers in the other Commonwealth Realms of which she is or was Head of State.

Also here are some really interesting facts about her life I thought I should share:
From ABC News

1. Blowin' Out The Candles Twice? — The queen's real birthday is on April 21, but will be officially celebrated this summer. No, it has nothing to do with more cake. The tradition of having an official birthday on a different date began for practical reasons. Monarchs who had their birthdays in the winter months often encountered problems due to cold, wet weather spoiling parades and other outdoor celebrations. This year the queen will blow out another set of candles on June 17.

2. Life's a Party — Over the course of her reign, more than 1 million people have attended garden parties hosted by the queen. In 2002 the queen went all out for her Golden Jubilee (50 years in power) by having a concert open to the public in the lush gardens of Buckingham Palace. It wasn't all bagpipes or classical music either —the queen attended the pop concert featuring rock icons Ozzy Osbourne, Paul McCartney, Elton John and Phil Collins.

3. Blue Ribbon Overload — Since 1952, the queen has gathered over 387,700 honors and awards. And it's not only for her stable of horses or collection of roses. The queen became the first member of the Royal Family to be awarded a gold disc from the recording industry for the record CD sales of the Golden Jubilee rock concert.

4. Air Miles Galore — As much as Queen Elizabeth II loves Scotland and her regal home in London, she's spent a good portion of her time in the air. The queen has traveled to 129 different countries on 256 official overseas visits. It seems like she's got a soft spot for maple syrup because the queen visited Canada 23 times vs. Australia 15 times.

5. From Sloths to Prawns: Gifts Fit for a Queen? — Live animals rank high among the more unusual gifts, including jaguars and sloths from Brazil, and two black beavers from Canada. Worry not, they're not parading around the gardens, they now live at the London zoo. It doesn't end there. The queen has also received pineapples, eggs, a box of snail shells, and prawns.

6. At The Wheel — Horses and custom-built, chauffered Rolls Royces and Bentleys are fine for outings but it wasn't always so. Queen Elizabeth learned how to drive in 1945 when she joined the Army. Speaking of transportation, the queen also ventured into the London subway. In May 1939, she and her governess Marion Crawford along with Princess Margaret dared to take the Tube.

7. Pretty Picture — Despite all of her official duties, the queen has found the time to pose for 139 official portraits during her lifetime. Her Majesty was just 7 years old when she sat for her first portrait in 1933.

8. Dogs vs. Cats — Dogs win out in the Royal household. The queen has owned more than 30 corgis during her reign, starting with Susan who was a present for her 18th birthday. Currently five corgis pad around the palace and in case you want to send them treats, they're called: Emma, Linnet, Monty, Holly and Willow.

9. Mad Scientist? — The queen has dabbled in science too. She's introduced a new breed of dog known as the "dorgi" when one of Her Majesty's corgis was mated with a dachshund. Cider, Berry, Candy and Vulcan all keep the five corgis company. This sounds like a doggie soap opera in the making.

10. Bling, Bling — The palaces rule but that's nothing compared to the piles of jewelry. Most are Crown Jewels and some were inherited but let it be known (J. Lo, you've got serious competition) that the queen has the largest pink diamond in the world. The tiaras may sparkle and shine but that's nothing compared to a necklace of large square cut aquamarines and diamonds with earrings (a gift from Brazil) that the queen last wore on her visit to monarch-less France in 2004.

Happy Friday everyone! I’m really excited for this weekend. And today for lunch everyone at work is going to this super yummy restaurant called Brian’s and they have the best mac & cheese in the world. I’m not kidding about this.


Related Products:

Miniature Crown of the Queen Mother
Celebrate Her Majesty's birthday with this regal-piece crown. Each of these miniatures, handcrafted in England under Royal Warrant, is an exact 1/12 scale replica of the actual Crown of the Queen Mother in the Tower of London. Cast in pewter, gilt in gold and/or plated in silver, then hand-set with dozens of sparkling Swarovski® crystals. 1¼".

Thursday, April 20, 2006

This Day in History: April 20, 1902

Curies isolate radium:

On April 20, 1902, Marie and Pierre Curie successfully isolate radioactive radium salts from the mineral pitchblende in their laboratory in Paris. In 1898, the Curies discovered the existence of the elements radium and polonium in their research of pitchblende. One year after isolating radium, they would share the 1903 Nobel Prize in physics with French scientist A. Henri Becquerel for their groundbreaking investigations of radioactivity.

Marie Curie was born Marie Sklodowska in Warsaw, Poland, in 1867. The daughter of a physics teacher, she was a gifted student and in 1891 went to study at the Sorbonne in Paris. With highest honors, she received a degree in physical sciences in 1893 and in mathematics in 1894. That year she met Pierre Curie, a noted French physicist and chemist who had done important work in magnetism. Marie and Pierre married in 1895, marking the beginning of a scientific partnership that would achieve world renown.
Looking for a subject for her doctoral thesis, Marie Curie began studying uranium, which was at the heart of Becquerel's discovery of radioactivity in 1896. The term radioactivity, which describes the phenomenon of radiation caused by atomic decay, was in fact coined by Marie Curie. In her husband's laboratory, she studied the mineral pitchblende, of which uranium is the primary element, and reported the probable existence of one or more other radioactive elements in the mineral. Pierre Curie joined her in her research, and in 1898 they discovered polonium, named after Marie's native Poland, and radium.

While Pierre investigated the physical properties of the new elements, Marie worked to chemically isolate radium from pitchblende. Unlike uranium and polonium, radium does not occur freely in nature, and Marie and her assistant Andrý Debierne laboriously refined several tons of pitchblende in order to isolate one-tenth gram of pure radium chloride in 1902. On the results of this research, she was awarded her doctorate of science in June 1903 and later in the year shared the Nobel Prize in physics with her husband and Becquerel. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize.
Pierre Curie was appointed to the chair of physics at the Sorbonne in 1904, and Marie continued her efforts to isolate pure, non-chloride radium. On April 19, 1906, Pierre Curie was killed in an accident in the Paris streets. Although devastated, Marie Curie vowed to continue her work and in May 1906 was appointed to her husband's seat at the Sorbonne, thus becoming the university's first female professor. In 1910, with Debierne, she finally succeeded in isolating pure, metallic radium. For this achievement, she was the sole recipient of the 1911 Nobel Prize in chemistry, making her the first person to win a second Nobel Prize.

She became interested in the medical applications of radioactive substances, working on radiology during World War I and the potential of radium as a cancer therapy. Beginning in 1918, the Radium Institute at the University of Paris began to operate under Curie's direction and from its inception was a major center for chemistry and nuclear physics. In 1921, she visited the United States, and President Warren G. Harding presented her with a gram of radium.

Curie's daughter, Irene Curie, was also a physical chemist and, with her husband, Frederic Joliot, was awarded the 1935 Nobel Prize in chemistry for the discovery of artificial radioactivity. Marie Curie died in 1934 from leukemia caused by four decades of exposure to radioactive substances.


Hi, my name is Bettina, and I’m going to be taking over Cara’s position as “blogeteer”. I know that I have some pretty big shoes to fill!

I’m really excited to be working on this project. And of course, I’m always open to any suggestions or comments you might have.


Related Products:

Well…we all know what the discovery of radioactive materials led to. Duck and cover with this Fallout shelter sign. Fortunately, those days are over, but there was something oddly calming about those yellow and black signs pointing the way to a safe haven. These high-gauge, enameled steel signs are nearly exact replicas of the 50's vintage originals. Ready to hang. Imported from England. 14"x10".

Also we have this "Radiation Safety in Shelters" book. It was published by FEMA in September, 1983 and is 128-pages long, but other than that, I have no idea what it’s about.

Wednesday, April 19, 2006

This Day in History: April 19, 1861

First Blood in the Civil War

On April 19, 1861, the first blood of the American Civil War is shed when a secessionist mob in Baltimore attacks Massachusetts troops bound for Washington, D.C. Four soldiers and 12 rioters were killed.

One week earlier, on April 12, the Civil War began when Confederate shore batteries opened fire on Union-held Fort Sumter in South Carolina's Charleston Bay. During a 34-hour period, 50 Confederate guns and mortars launched more than 4,000 rounds at the poorly supplied fort. The fort's garrison returned fire, but lacking men, ammunition, and food, it was forced to surrender on April 13. There were no casualties in the fighting, but one federal soldier was killed the next day when a store of gunpowder was accidentally ignited during the firing of the final surrender salute. Two other federal soldiers were wounded, one mortally.

On April 15, President Abraham Lincoln issued a public proclamation calling for 75,000 volunteer soldiers to help put down the Southern "insurrection." Northern states responded enthusiastically to the call, and within days the 6th Massachusetts Regiment was en route to Washington. On April 19, the troops arrived in Baltimore, Maryland, by train, disembarked, and boarded horse-drawn cars that were to take them across the city to where the rail line picked up again. Secessionist sympathy was strong in Maryland, a border state where slavery was legal, and an angry mob of secessionists gathered to confront the Yankee troops.

Hoping to prevent the regiment from reaching the railroad station, and thus Washington, the mob blocked the carriages, and the troops were forced to continue on foot. The mob followed close behind and then, joined by other rioters, surrounded the regiment. Jeering turned to brick and stone throwing, and several federal troops responded by firing into the crowd. In the ensuing mayhem, the troops fought their way to the train station, taking and inflicting more casualties. At the terminal, the infantrymen were aided by Baltimore police, who held the crowd back and allowed them to board their train and escape. Much of their equipment was left behind. Four soldiers and 12 rioters were killed in what is generally regarded as the first bloodshed of the Civil War.

Maryland officials demanded that no more federal troops be sent through the state, and secessionists destroyed rail bridges and telegraph lines to Washington to hinder the federal war effort. In May, Union troops occupied Baltimore, and martial law was declared. The federal occupation of Baltimore, and of other strategic points in Maryland, continued throughout the war. Because western Marylanders and workingmen supported the Union, and because federal authorities often jailed secessionist politicians, Maryland never voted for secession. Slavery was abolished in Maryland in 1864, the year before the Civil War's end. Eventually, more than 50,000 Marylanders fought for the Union while about 22,000 volunteered for the Confederacy.--History Channel.
Today is my last day here at Siegler & Co. It has been a great time working here, and I will miss it greatly, especially the readers here!

I wish you all well, and I hope they find a great person to take this over.
Related Products

Check out our brass and copper CSA Bugle. Bugles like these once sounded the charge during the Civil War. Fully functional; ideal for calling the troops home for chow or waking up new recruits. Accurate replica complete with CSA (Confederate States of America) insignia and wreath and braided cord. Two-toned, crafted of copper and brass. 12" overall.

Next we have this Suede Civil War Kepi Cap in Union blue. Kepis, modeled after French officer's caps, were worn by soldiers on both sides during the Civil War. Hunched in the trenches, they raised their kepis with their rifles; if no one shot, it was safe to move. Our suede caps have a leather bill and strap across the front. Metal crossed rifles badge. Available in sizes S (6 7/8), M (7 1/8), L (7 3/8) and XL (7 5/8).

We also have this Suede civil War Kepi Cap in Confederate gray. This is also available in sizes S (6 7/8), M (7 1/8), L (7 3/8) and XL (7 5/8).

Tuesday, April 18, 2006

This Day in History: April 18, 1942

Doolittle leads air raid on Tokyo

The Doolittle Raid of April 18, 1942, was the first air raid by the United States to strike the Japanese home islands during World War II. The mission was notable in that it was the only operation in which United States Army Air Forces bombers were launched from a US Navy aircraft carrier. It was also the longest combat mission ever flown by the B-25 Mitchell bomber. The Doolittle Raid proved that the Japanese home islands were vulnerable to American retaliation for Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor Hawaii on December 7, 1941.

The raid was planned and led by Lieutenant Colonel Jimmy Doolittle, already a famous civilian aviator and aeronautical engineer before the war. However, the raid had its roots in the mind of Navy Captain Francis Low, who early in the war predicted that, under the right conditions, twin-engined Army bombers could be successfully launched from an aircraft carrier. Subsequent calculations by Doolittle indicated that the B-25 Mitchell could be launched from a carrier with a reasonable bomb load, hit military targets in Japan, and fly on to land in China.

The Doolittle raid did little material damage. Nevertheless, when the news of the raid was released, American morale soared from the depths to which it had plunged following the Pearl Harbor attack and subsequent territorial gains by the Japanese. The raid also had some strategic impact in that it caused the Japanese to recall some fighter units back to the home islands for defense; these reassignments subsequently weakened Japan's air capabilities against the Allies at the Battle of Midway and later Pacific Theater campaigns.

Go here to see an animated version of how this all took place. It is a pretty interesting animation!

So I have some news that is at least sad to me. Tomorrow is my last day at Siegler & Co. I have received a job in Costa Mesa where I will be moving to after I graduate in May. This is a twist in my life that I have to take, and I hope it leads to great places. I will miss all of the readers here, and the friends on Myspace that I have made.

I am not sure who will be writing the blogs once I leave, but I am sure they will do a fantastic job! If you would like to keep in contact with me, leave me a comment and I will give you my personal email. Have a good day!
Related Products

Check out our Doolittle Raiders autographed WWII photo. The Doolittle Raiders countered and struck five major Japanese cities after the attack on Pearl Harbor. They are presented in this photo, which is autographed by the three surviving members. Professionally framed and matted with certificate of authenticity. 8"x10" photograph; 11"x14" framed.

We also have this vintage aircraft nose art.A unique and interesting collection of color photos depicting a variety of warbird nose art. Over 1,000 wartime photos show art work close up, with explanations of art, aircraft, and pilots.

Monday, April 17, 2006

This Day in History: April 17, 1961

The Bay of Pigs Invasion Begins

The Bay of Pigs invasion begins when a CIA-financed and -trained group of Cuban refugees lands in Cuba and attempts to topple the communist government of Fidel Castro. The attack was an utter failure.

Fidel Castro had been a concern to U.S. policymakers since he seized power in Cuba with a revolution in January 1959. Castro's attacks on U.S. companies and interests in Cuba, his inflammatory anti-American rhetoric, and Cuba's movement toward a closer relationship with the Soviet Union led U.S. officials to conclude that the Cuban leader was a threat to U.S. interests in the Western Hemisphere. In March 1960, President Dwight D. Eisenhower ordered the CIA to train and arm a force of Cuban exiles for an armed attack on Cuba. John F. Kennedy inherited this program when he became president in 1961.

Though many of his military advisors indicated that an amphibious assault on Cuba by a group of lightly armed exiles had little chance for success, Kennedy gave the go-ahead for the attack. On April 17, 1961, around 1,200 exiles, armed with American weapons and using American landing craft, waded ashore at the Bay of Pigs in Cuba. The hope was that the exile force would serve as a rallying point for the Cuban citizenry, who would rise up and overthrow Castro's government. The plan immediately fell apart--the landing force met with unexpectedly rapid counterattacks from Castro's military, the tiny Cuban air force sank most of the exiles' supply ships, the United States refrained from providing necessary air support, and the expected uprising never happened. Over 100 of the attackers were killed, and more than 1,100 were captured.

The failure at the Bay of Pigs cost the United States dearly. Castro used the attack by the "Yankee imperialists" to solidify his power in Cuba and he requested additional Soviet military aid. Eventually that aid included missiles, and the construction of missile bases in Cuba sparked the Cuban Missile Crisis of October 1962, when the United States and the Soviet Union nearly came to blows over the issue. Further, throughout much of Latin America, the United States was pilloried for its use of armed force in trying to unseat Castro, a man who was considered a hero to many for his stance against U.S. interference and imperialism. Kennedy tried to redeem himself by publicly accepting blame for the attack and its subsequent failure, but the botched mission left the young president looking vulnerable and indecisive.
In almost every single one of my communication classes this semester I have read about this, and how it was such a failure in group communication. Interesting to see it from a historical perspective, rather than just a communication strategy perspective.
I hope you all had a great weekend! I did. I was able to see an Easter Dog Costume Parade! It was great!!!
Related Products

Check out our Limited-edition JFK collectible. This classic "Camelot" pose features a smiling JFK at the helm of the Manitou. Exclusive to us and limited to just 500 pieces. Featuring a 1964 Kennedy silver half-dollar, the rare, Eternal Flame JFK stamp and a numbered brass plaque/story card. Custom-matted and framed under glass. 11"x9".

Next we have this John F. Kennedy Pot Belly box.These handcrafted Pot Belly boxes, designed in Gloucestershire, England, feature presidential caricatures carved into crushed marble bodies. Each boasts hand-painted, "politically correct" details and vivid colors that even Congress would surely approve of. Perfect for storing tiny treasures; great gift, too. 2½"x2".

Lastly, we have this JFK silver dollar pocket watch. JFK's immortal image graces this handsome timepiece. The intricately embossed, chrome watchcase is set with a 90% silver JFK half dollar. Powered by a precision quartz movement with sweep-second hand. Fob chain included. Certificate of authenticity. One-year warranty.

Friday, April 14, 2006

This Day in History: April 14, 1865

President Lincoln is Shot

Today in history, on April 14, 1865 President Abraham Lincoln was fatally shot by John Wilkes Booth, an actor and Confederate sympathizer, at Ford’s Theater in Washington D.C. This happened five days after Confederate General Robert E. Lee had surrendered at Appomattox, which ended the American Civil War.

Booth had originally planned to capture President Lincoln and take him to Richmond, the Confederate capital, however on March 20, 1865, the day of the planned kidnapping, the president did not appear where Booth and his fellow six conspirators were waiting for him. Two weeks later Richmond fell to Union forces, so Booth and his buddies needed a new plan.

By the time April came around the Confederate armies were near collapse in the South. Booth came up with a plan to save the Confederacy by killing Lincoln, his Vice President Andrew Johnson and Secretary of State William H. Seward when attending Laura Keene’s acclaimed performance in Our American Cousin at Ford’s Theater on April 15, 1865. Booth though that he murdered the president and his two possible successors, that Booth and his buddies could throw the U.S. government into disarray.

On the evening of April 14, conspirator Lewis T. Powell broken into Secretary of State Seward's home and seriously wounded him and three others, while George A. Atzerodt, assigned to Vice President Johnson, lost his nerve and fled. Meanwhile, just after 10 p.m., Booth entered Lincoln's private theater box unnoticed, and shot the president with a single bullet in the back of his head.

Slashing an army officer who rushed at him, Booth jumped to the stage and shouted, "Sic semper tyrannis! [Thus always to tyrants]--the South is avenged!" Although Booth had broken his left leg jumping from Lincoln's box, he succeeded in escaping Washington.

After the shooting Lincoln was carried to a cheap lodging house across the street from Ford’s Theater. About 7:22 a.m. the next morning, he died—the first U.S. president to be assassinated. Booth was pursued by the army and secret
service forces and was finally cornered in a barn near Bowling Green, Virginia, where he died from a possibly self-inflicted bullet wound as the barn was burned to the ground. Of the eight other persons eventually charged with the conspiracy, four were hanged and four were jailed.

I am so excited that today is Friday. I had to study all night and all morning for a test I am taking today. I plan to go to sleep once I get home around 5pm. I doubt it will happen, but the idea is definitely helping my morning along.

Do you have any plans this weekend?

I am stuck studying more. I have a few papers to write, some presentations to prepare for, and another test to study for. Wish me luck!!
Related Products

Check out our Abraham Lincoln Pot Belly box. hese handcrafted Pot Belly boxes, designed in Gloucestershire, England, feature presidential caricatures carved into crushed marble bodies. Each boasts hand-painted, "politically correct" details and vivid colors that even Congress would surely approve of. Perfect for storing tiny treasures; great gift, too. 2½"x2".

Thursday, April 13, 2006

This Day in History: April 13, 1743

Thomas Jefferson is Born

Today in history, Thomas Jefferson, the third President of the United States, author of the Declaration of Independence, American statesman, ambassador to France, political philosopher, revolutionary, agriculturalist, horticulturist, land owner, architect, archaeologist, slave owner, author and founder of the University of Virginia was born on April 13, 1743.

Jefferson was among the most brilliant American exponents of the Enlightenment, the movement of 18th-century thought that emphasized the possibilities of human reason.

President John F. Kennedy who welcomed 49 Nobel Prize winners to the White House in 1962, said, "I think this is the most extraordinary collection of talent, of human knowledge, that has ever been gathered at the White House, with the possible exception of when Thomas Jefferson dined alone."

A Virginia aristocrat, he had the time and resources to educate himself in history, literature, law, architecture, science, and philosophy; as a diplomat and friend of French and British intellectuals, he had direct access to European culture and thought; and as a provincial farmer and novice revolutionary leader, he had the motivation and the opportunity to apply Enlightenment political philosophy to the task of nation-building.

Thomas Jefferson wished to be remembered for three achievements in his public life. He had served as governor of Virginia, as U.S. minister to France, as secretary of state under George Washington, as vice-president in the administration of John Adams, and as president of the United States from 1801 to 1809. On his tombstone, however, which he designed and for which he wrote the inscription, there is no mention of these offices. Rather, it reads that Thomas Jefferson was "author of the Declaration of American Independence, of the Statute of Virginia for religious freedom, and Father of the University of Virginia" and, as he requested, "not a word more."

I am in a hurry getting this done, so I can’t write much more. Have a good day!!

Related Products

Check out our Thomas Jefferson Pot Belly box. These handcrafted Pot Belly boxes, designed in Gloucestershire, England, feature presidential caricatures carved into crushed marble bodies. Each boasts hand-painted, "politically correct" details and vivid colors that even Congress would surely approve of. Perfect for storing tiny treasures; great gift, too.

Next we have this Library of Congress mirror.Our stately mirror draws on the architectural elements found in the Library of Congress. The graceful figures were inspired by the work of sculptor Lyon Pratt (1867-1917).Liber Delictatio Animae (Books, the Delight of the Soul) is inscribed on the Library. Rendered in artist-grade gypsum cement. 1

Wednesday, April 12, 2006

This Day in History: April 12, 1861

American Civil War Begins

On April 12, 1861 the American Civil War began when Confederates fired on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor. Fort Sumter had been the source of tension between the Union and Confederacy for several months. After South Carolina seceded, the state demanded Fort Sumter to be turned over but the Union officials refused. A supply ship, the "Star of the West," tried to reach Fort Sumter on January 9, but the shore batteries opened fire and drove it away. For both sides, Sumter was a symbol of sovereignty. The Union could not allow it to fall to the Confederates, although throughout the Deep South other federal installations had been seized.

For South Carolinians, secession didn’t mean much if the Yankees still held the stronghold. This issue hung in the air when Abraham Lincoln took the oath of office on March 4. In his in his inauguration he addressed the issue by saying: "You can have no conflict without being yourselves the aggressors."

Lincoln did not try to send reinforcements but he did send in food. This way, Lincoln could characterize the operation as a humanitarian mission, bringing, in his words, "food for hungry men." He sent word to the Confederates in Charleston of his intentions on April 6.

The Confederate Congress at Montgomery, Alabama, had decided on February 15, 1861 that Sumter and other forts must be acquired "either by negotiation or force." Negotiation, it seemed, had failed. The Confederates demanded surrender of the fort, but Major Robert Anderson, commander of Fort Sumter, refused. At 4:30 a.m. on April 12, the Confederate guns opened fire. For thirty-three hours, the shore batteries lobbed 4,000 shells in the direction of the fort. Finally, the garrison inside the battered fort raised the white flag. No one on either side had been killed, although two Union soldiers died when the departing soldiers fired a gun salute, and some cartridges exploded prematurely. This was a nearly bloodless beginning to America's bloodiest war. –History Channel

I forgot to buy lunch before coming here, and now I am starving. I just ordered some food from a place next door, so I am going to go get that now. Have a good one!!
Related Products

Check out our Authentic Civil War bullets. Load your collection with these genuine relics from perhaps the most significant event in U.S. history. Four-piece set includes a musket ball and minie-bullet along with an exceedingly rare "William's Cleaner" bullet and a .52-caliber Sharp's bullet (used only by cavalrymen). Limited to just 1,865 poignant sets, each with a hand-signed certificate of authenticity. Handsome, 9"x6" presentation case. Two-piece set includes a musket ball and minie-bullet in a handsome, 3"x4" presentation case. Certificate of authenticity. After more than 130 years of slow oxidation, the lead has acquired a white patina. Protective lacquer finish to preserve them for posterity. Bullets approximately 1".

Next we have this Civil War cannon. This 1861 Civil War cannon is sure to fire up your décor. Polished metal barrel and wooden wheels, both moveable. Historically complete with a gunpowder loader and ramrod. Great for desk or mantel. Barrel 7"; overall 15". 2 lbs.

And lastly, we have these Confederate cavalry figures. Lead cast figurines, entirely hand-painted, seem to gallop off the pages of history. In exact 1:32 scale and historically accurate. Each comes to life with exquisite details, from uniform buckles to the horses' flowing manes. Confederate Cavalry features set of six troopers on horseback. 54 mm. For history and Civil War buffs alike.

Tuesday, April 11, 2006

This Day in History: April 11, 1814

Napoleon Bonaparte abdicated as emperor of France and was banished to the island of Elba

On April 11, 1814 Napoleon Bonaparte abdicated as emperor of France and was banished to the island of Elba.

Napoleon is famed for his military successes and for not quite conquering Europe. Starting as a second lieutenant in the French artillery, he rose quickly through the ranks until he became First Consul of France. (Later he crowned himself Emperor.) He led his armies to victory after victory, and by 1807 he ruled territory that stretched from Portugal to Italy and north to the river Elbe. But his attempts to conquer the rest of Europe failed; a defeat in Moscow in 1812 nearly destroyed his empire, and his 1815 loss to the Duke of Wellington at Waterloo finished the job. Due to this loss, he was forced to abdicate his power on April 11, and did so in favor of his son, and as part of an unconditional surrender forced upon him by his allies. In the Treaty of Fontainebleau that was signed after this, the victors exiled the Corsican to Elba, a small island in the Mediterranean 20 km off the coast of Italy. They let Napoleon keep the title of "Emperor" but restricted his empire to that tiny island.

Napoleon is considered to have been a military genius, and is known for commanding many successful campaigns, although he is also known for some spectacular failures, such as this. Aside from his military achievements, Napoleon is also remembered for the establishment of the Napoleonic Code, and is considered to have been one of the "enlightened monarchs".

The picture up at the top is supposed to be how Napoleon looked when he was exiled to Elba. Apparently, he was pretty upset, and rightly so.

Anyway, I should be heading out; I have some things to wrap up.
Related Products

Check out our Napoleon Bonaparte figure. Galloping off the pages of history, each lead figure is crafted and painted entirely by hand. In exact 1:32 scale (54mm) and historically accurate. Intricate details, like muscle tone on their mounts, facial expressions and gleaming weapons and instruments. Excellent additions to a collection, or a great starting point.

Next we have this Crown of Napoleon. When Emperor Napoleon went head to head with Tsar Alexander I, their crowns bumped with such force that it changed the course of European history. This miniature, handcrafted in England under Royal Warrant, is an exact 1:12 scale replica of the actual crown of Napoleon. Cast in pewter, gilt in gold and/or plated in silver, then hand-set with dozens of sparkling Swarovski® crystals.

And lastly, we have this Napoleonic chess set. Relive the Battle of Waterloo. Hand-painted, molded resin figures capture exquisite detail, from the peaks of their hats to their boots. Inlaid walnut board. Felt-lined holder protects pieces inside storage drawer.

Monday, April 10, 2006

This Day in History: April 10, 1933

Franklin D. Roosevelt Creates Civilian Conservation Corps

On April 10, 1933 President Franklin d. Roosevelt creates the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC), which was an innovative federally funded organization that gave thousands of Americans jobs during the Great Depression on projects that helped the environment.

FDR created the CCC as part of his administration’s “New Deal” plan for social and economic progress, to help America during its worst economic crisis. The part that FDR liked most about the CCC was that it supported his deep passion, environmental conservation.

The CCC was also known as “Roosevelt’s Tree Army”. It was open to unemployed, unmarried U.S. male citizens between the ages of 18 and 26. All recruits had to be healthy and were expected to perform hard physical labor. Blacks were placed in de-facto segregated camps, even though administrators denied the practice of discrimination.

Enlistment in the program was for a minimum of 6 months; many re-enlisted after their first term. Those were participated received $30 a month, and were also given a supplemental basic and vocational education while they served.

The CCC employees fought forest fires, planted trees, cleared and maintained access roads, re-seeded grazing lands, and implements soil-erosion controls under the guidance of the Departments of the Interior and Agriculture. The CCC also helped to build wildlife refuges, fish-rearing facilities, water storage basin and animal shelters. They also encouraged citizens to get out and enjoy America’s natural resources by building bridges and campground facilities.

From 1933 to 1942, the CCC employed over 3 million men. Of Roosevelt’s many New Deal policies, the CCC is considered by many to be one of the most enduring and successful. The CCC has provided the model for future state and federal conservation programs. Although it was so successful, the Congress discontinued its appropriations for the CCC in 1942 in order to divert the funds to World War II.

I hope everyone’s weekend went well. My weekend was alright. I had to say goodbye to Emily for 2 months on Saturday. She is heading to Houston until I can get a place that allows her. On Sunday, I spent all day writing a 15-page paper. I am so glad that it is done!

I hope you all have a great week!!

Related Products

Here we have this Franklin D. Roosevelt Pot Belly box. These handcrafted Pot Belly boxes, designed in Gloucestershire, England, feature presidential caricatures carved into crushed marble bodies. Each boasts hand-painted, "politically correct" details and vivid colors that even Congress would surely approve of. Perfect for storing tiny treasures; great gift, too.

Friday, April 07, 2006

This Day in History: April 6, 1957

New York City ends trolley car service

New York’s electric trolleys ran their last trip through Queens to Manhattan.

New York City used to be an electric trolley town, beginning in the 1870s on Ninth Avenue in Manhattan. Dozens of elevated lines rose and swiftly traveled over traffic-clogged streets. Whole neighborhoods came into being as former farmland was converted for business and residential purposes at the coming of elevated trains. The electric trolleys in Brooklyn and Queens replaced surface railroads and eliminated dangerous grade crossings.

Now New York City has replaced their trolley system with a subway system. By the time the first subway opened (which was originally a trolley car service), the lines had been consolidated into two privately-owned systems, Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company (BRT, later Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit Corporation, BMT) and Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT). The city was closely involved; every line built for the IRT, and most other lines built or improved for the BRT after 1913, was built by the city and leased to the companies (via the original Contracts 1 and 2 for the IRT subway, and the Dual Contracts for later extensions and widenings). The first line of the city-owned and operated Independent Subway System (IND) opened in 1932; this system was intended to compete with the private systems and allow some of the elevated railways to be torn down, such as the New York City trolley car service.

The New York City Transit Authority was created in 1953 to take over subway (and bus/streetcar/trolley) operations from the city, and was placed under control of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority in 1968.

I am very excited that today is Friday, even though I will spend most of my weekend doing homework.

I hope you all have a better weekend than that!!
Related Products

Here we have this NYC Steinway Trolley model. During the first part of the 20th-century, trolley cars like these were a fixture in big cities. Designed in 1915, Birney Safety Cars bustled commuters for decades. The NYC Steinway Trolley ran past the infamous Steinway Piano Factory in Queens.

Thursday, April 06, 2006

This Day in History: April 6, 1917

U.S. Enters World War I

On April 6, 1917, the U.S. enters World War I, two days after it was approved.

When World War I first erupted in 1914, President Woodrow Wilson pledged to the country that the United States would be neutral. This at first was also a position favored by most of Americans at the time. This caused some problems with America’s closest trading partners; Britain. This was because Germany had been attempting to quarantine the British Isles, and they wanted the U.S. support. When the U.S. went to attempt to support them, by sending several ships to Britain, German mines damaged or sunk the ships. This did not go over very well with the Americans.

In February 1915, Germany said that they would have unresitrcted warfare against all ships, whether or not they were neutral, if they entered the war zone area around Britain. One month later, Germany proclaimed that they had sunk the William P. Frye, a private American vessel, just for entering in the war zone area.

This obviously got American’s upset, especially President Wilson who became outraged. The German government ended up apologizing, by calling the attack a mistake, although that did not ease all the tension. This was not the only time that Germany did this. On May 7 Germany torpedoed a British-owned ocean liner without any warning just off the coast of Ireland. Of the nearly 2,000 passengers aboard, 1,201 were killed, including 128 Americans.

The German government upheld (correctly) that the Lusitania was carrying munitions, but the U.S. demanded reparations and an end to the German attacks on unarmed passenger and merchant ships.

In August, Germany pledged to keep the passengers safe before sinking an unarmed vessel, but in November a U-boat sank an Italian liner without warning, killing 272 people, including 27 Americans. Because of these attacks, public opinion in the United States began to turn against Germany.

In February 1917, Germany, determined to win its war of attrition against the Allies, resumed its policy of unrestricted submarine warfare in war-zone waters. Three days later, the United States broke diplomatic relations with Germany. This was the same day, the American liner Housatonic was sunk by a German U-boat.

On February 22, Congress passed a $250 million arms-appropriations bill intended to ready the United States for war. In late March, Germany sank four more U.S. merchant ships, and on April 2, President Wilson went before Congress to deliver his famous “war message.” Within four days, both houses of Congress had voted in favor of a declaration of war.

The American entry into the war saved Great Britain, and by extension the rest of the Entente, from bankruptcy. The United States also crucially reinforced the strength of the Allied naval blockade of Germany, in effect from the end of 1914 and aimed at crushing Germany economically. American naval forces reached Britain on April 9, 1917, just three days after the declaration of war. Though the U.S. Army’s contributions began slowly, they would eventually mark a major turning point in the war effort and help the Allies to victory.

Today has been a crazy one for me again. But, our Siegler mascot, Emily, will come in once I finish this blog. I am excited to show her off. There will definitely be pictures to come.
Related Products

Here we have a Luger Parabellum WWI replica pistol. Our non-firing replicas of WWII sidearms, with cocking/firing triggers and moveable sights, look and feel like true-blue originals. The Luger Parabellum, one of the most recognizable pistols worldwide, was originally issued to German paratroopers and officers in WWI. 9¾". Made in Spain.

Next we have this WWI aircraft prop. Visions of WWI flying ace, Eddie Rickenbacker, in his Nieuport 28 come spinning to mind. Crafted in richly stained pine and accented with brass hardware. Over 6' long (73"x6"x3"). 8 lbs.

Next we have this WWI trench lighter. On the muddy, wind-swept battlefields of Europe, the fighting men of WWI fashioned trench lighters like these from spent ammo casings. Soldiers needed a flame they could count on and these did the trick. Slide the outer casing up and the flame is protected from the elements. Slide the casing down and the flame is snuffed. Uses standard lighter fluid. Complete with lanyard/key ring. Ideal for your next outing or adventure. Great conversation piece.

Wednesday, April 05, 2006

This Day in History: April 5, 1614

Pocahontas Marries John Rolfe

On April 5, 1614 Pocahontas, the daughter of the chief of the Powhatan Indian confederacy, married John Rolfe, an English tobacco planter, in Jamestown, Virginia. During this time, this sort of marriage could cause a lot of controversy, although this married ended up actually instilling peace between the Jamestown settlers and the Powhatan Indians for several years.

There is much background behind how Pocahontas and John Rolfe met, information that is a lot different than Disney’s version of Pocahontas. In the Disney movie Pocahontas fell in love with John Smith, but in the real story it was actually another John!

The beginning of all of this started in May 1607 when 100 English colonists decided to come to Jamestown, Virginia and settle along the James River. This area soon became the first permanent English settlement in America.

The settlers didn’t do too well in their new environment. Many suffered from famines, diseases and attacks led by Indians. John Smith, a 27-year-old Adventurer, helped the settlers by directing survival efforts and mapping the area. While exploring the Chickahominy River in December of 1607, Smith and two other colonists were captured by Powhatan warriors. Smith’s companions were both killed, although John Smith was spared and released because Pocahontas pleaded to her father, Chief Powhatan, to release him.

After surviving the capture, Smith came to be the president of Jamestown colony in 1608. Unfortunately, the settlement still continued to suffer. One tragic day an accidental fire destroyed most of the Jamestown colony, which led to increased famine, hunger, disease and Indian attacks. While this was happening, Pocahontas would come to Jamestown as an emissary of her father, where she would bring gifts of food to help the settlers. During her visits she ended up making friends with the settlers, and becoming acquainted with the English ways.

In 1609, however, the relations with the Powhatan deteriorated and many more settlers died from famine and disease. This is said to be caused from an injury that Smith received from a fire in his gunpowder bag that forced him to return to England.

Jamestown was close to being abandoned when two people arrived in June 1610 with new supplies and help to rebuild the settlement. These two people were Baron De La Warr (also known as Delaware) and John Rolfe. To help Jamestown two years later even more, Rolfe cultivated the first tobacco there, which ended up (obviously) being a successful monetary resource for the Jamestown settlers, and all of Virginia.

In 1613 Indians were still attacking Jamestown settlers, and vice versa. English Captain Samuel Argall decided to take this issue into his own hands by taking Pocahontas hostage in order to use her to negotiate permanent peace with her father. Pocahontas was put under the custody of Sir Thomas Gates, and was, fortunately for her, treated more like a guest rather than a prisoner. She was taught English customs and ended up converting to Christianity while she was imprisoned.

Powhatan finally agreed to the terms for her release, but not soon enough, because Pocahontas had already fallen in love with John Rolfe. On April 5th, Pocahontas married him with the blessing of her father, and the governor of Virginia. Thankfully, their marriage brought peace between the English colonists and the Powhatans for quite awhile.

I know… I know… I am late again at posting, but it is because we just launched a redesign for our sister site,, and that took up a lot of time this morning.

Aside from that, this story was really interesting to me. I had no idea that the true man she married was NOT John Smith, but John Rolfe. That is crazy to me that the wrong story was repeated so often that even after taking many history classes I was never taught the fallacies behind Disney’s Pocahontas movie. Maybe they just did not see it as important.

Anyway, I hope you have a good day. I am at work right now SHIVERING because I got poured on while walking back from class, and my clothes are drenched.
Related Products

Check out this Native American breastplate. Our stunning breastplate faithfully recalls Native American artistry. With exacting craftsmanship, each is handstrung with row upon row of bone and pewter beads. Genuine leather fringe accents complete this amazingly accurate piece of Native American heritage.

Next we have this Peace pipe tomahawk. This fully functioning replica of a Chippewa tomahawk shows the close relation between war and peace. The business end of the metal head was designed for bloody battle. The other end was made for smoking during peace talks. 13" wooden handle. 2 lbs.

And lastly, we have this Wooden peace pipe. Peace pipes signify acceptance of a treaty. Faithfully recreated from drawings found in various journals of Indian Wars. Features ornate, hand carved bowl lined with gorara stone. Crafted of beautiful, tropical hardwood. 17".